Economic and Social Data Service


While the overall site is free of charge and open to the public, academic affiliation is required to access more specific areas (and for some downloading); a good collection of links is provided, pointing to original sources, news and updates

Fee Policy

All users can access study descriptions, online documentation and questionnaires, free of charge and without registering. Full access and downloading of all ESDS records and materials require an institutional affiliation

Free Retrieved Material

The ESDS website's content is freely accessible, as well as some ESDS publications'downloading and other material drawn from the integrated areas/sites

Linking Richness

Each search provides an abstract and a link pointing to the original source; also available are internal links for news and updates, and external ones for further research